Tag Archives: Safety First

General Federation of Nepalese Trade Unions (GEFONT): Occupational Health & Safety (OHS) related legal provisions in Nepal

workers
(Photo Source: Google)

Established in 1989, the General Federation of Nepalese Trade Unions (GEFONT), with 27 affiliated union-members nationwide, works as an umbrella organization for various trade unions in the field of agriculture, industry and service sectors.

In 2007, with an effort to examine the issues of occupational safety and health through social dialogues with industrial stakeholders in the country, GEFONT published its results of surveyed data and focus group discussions conducted in 159 enterprises. Demands for safe drinking water, clean toilet facilities and protective safety equipment were at the top of the list. This is unfortunate in the sense that the Nepalese workers are still struggling with their basic labor rights, but at the same time the current conditions clearly reveal the stark reality of the country’s state of OHS, lingering at its primitive stage.   

In the same document, GEFONT also provided a list of OHS related legal provisions to be followed by the management of concerned organizations. Although the legal provisions are far from adequacy and they do not include any specific benchmark or standards, it provided a general framework and guideline for enterprises to maintain a clean, safe and healthy work environment.

Following are the legal provisions and their corresponding Labor Act 1992, relating to occupational health and safety of employees or workers, to be managed by the enterprises in Nepal.

  1. Make arrangements for clean and tidy enterprise: Chapter V; Section 27 (a)
  • Daily cleaning with germicidal medicines,
  • Proper drainage,
  • Occasional painting or white-washing,
  • Prevention of bad odor

 

  1. Make arrangements for: Chapter V; Section 27 (b)
  • Adequate supply of fresh air,
  • Adequate light,
  • Proper temperature

 

  1. Make arrangement for: Chapter V; Section 27 (c)
  • Removal and disposal of solid waste,
  • Drainage of sewage from production process

 

  1. Make arrangement for: Chapter V; Section 27 (d)
  • Prevention of accumulation of dust, fume, vapor and other impure materials affecting health adversely

 

  1. Make arrangement for: Chapter V; Section 27 (e)
  • Personal protection devices against noise pollution,
  • Provision for noise reduction

 

  1. Make arrangement for: Chapter V; Section 27 (f)
  • Avoiding workplace congestion,
  • Working space – 15 Cubic Meter/Employee (Max height considered = 4 Meters)

 

  1. Make arrangement for: Chapter V; Section 27 (g)
  • Supply of potable water, sufficient water near chemical substances used,
  • Water for emergency purposes, such as fire extinguishing, washing or cleaning

 

  1. Make arrangements for: Chapter V; Section 27 (h)
  • Separate modern toilets for male and female at convenient places

 

  1. Make arrangements for: Chapter V; Section 27 (i)
  • Declaring non-smoking zones; partly or entirely

 

  1. Make arrangements for: Chapter V; Section 27 (j)
  • Conducting yearly health check-ups for workers and employees in enterprises where nature of work is likely to affect the health adversely

 

  1. Make arrangements for: Chapter V; Section 28
  • Eye protection of employees and workers from possible injuries

 

  1. Make arrangements for: Chapter V; Section 30

 

  1. Make arrangements for: Chapter V; Section 31
  • Strong fences around energy-operated hazardous machines, instruments and equipment,
  • Well-trained employees or workers for maintenance jobs on such machines

 

  1. Make arrangements for: Chapter V; Section 32

 

NOTE: The New Labour Act, 2074 (2017 AD): Occupational Health & Safety (OHS) related provisions

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Nepal National Building Code (NBC: 1994): Construction Safety and Fire Safety related provisions for Workers’ Health & Safety

Construction Safety Legal Provisions Relating to Occupational Health & Safety (OHS) within construction businesses in Nepal

Fire Safety Legal Provisions Relating to Occupational Health & Safety (OHS) in Nepal

Also Read:

(Part II) (2 of 2) Construction Focus Four: Struck-By Hazards

(Part II) (1 of 2) Construction Focus Four: Struck-By Hazards

(Part I) (1 of 2) Construction Focus Four: Fall Hazards

(Part I) (2 of 2) Construction Focus Four: Fall Hazards

Fire Prevention and Fire Protection – Air Pollution in Kathmandu – Construction PPE – Carbon Monoxide poisoning – Electrical Safety – Fall Protection in General Industry– Fearsome 4 of Construction Safety – Fall Restrain System Vs. Fall Arrest System – Respiratory Protection – Portable Ladder Safety – Confined Space Entry – Initiating First Aid/CPR – Are you too busy… – If you have $86,400 in your account… – Safety professionals have job prospects as Insurance Risk Surveyor or Loss Assessor

 

Nepal’s Occupational Health & Safety (OHS) Related Legal Provisions While Handling Machinery, Tools or Equipment at Workplace

In regards to the use of machinery, tools or equipment at workplaces in Nepalese enterprises, Occupational Health & Safety (OHS) related legal provisions provided by the Labor Act 1992 and the Labor Rules 1993 are given below in tabular form.

printing press(Photo Source: Google)

As prescribed by the above, the enterprises in Nepal are legally bound to make the following arrangements for the health and safety of their employees or workers.

Use of machinery tools and equipment - Legal provision

NOTE: The New Labour Act, 2074 (2017 AD): Occupational Health & Safety (OHS) related provisions

 

Load Carrying Legal Provisions relating to OHS 

Fire Safety Legal Provisions relating to OHS 

Accident/Disease Notification & Accident Investigation Legal Provisions relating to OHS 

Construction Safety Legal Provisions relating to OHS

Also Read:

(Part II) (2 of 2) Construction Focus Four: Struck-By Hazards

(Part II) (1 of 2) Construction Focus Four: Struck-By Hazards

(Part I) (1 of 2) Construction Focus Four: Fall Hazards

(Part I) (2 of 2) Construction Focus Four: Fall Hazards

Fire Prevention and Fire Protection – Air Pollution in Kathmandu – Construction PPE – Carbon Monoxide poisoning – Electrical Safety – Fall Protection in General Industry– Fearsome 4 of Construction Safety – Fall Restrain System Vs. Fall Arrest System – Respiratory Protection – Portable Ladder Safety – Confined Space Entry – Initiating First Aid/CPR – Are you too busy… – If you have $86,400 in your account… – Safety professionals have job prospects as Insurance Risk Surveyor or Loss Assessor

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Nepal’s Legal Provisions Relating to Workplace Accident or Disease Notification and Accident Investigation

In regards to notice of workplace accident or disease and accident investigation procedure in Nepal, Occupational Health & Safety (OHS) related legal provisions provided by the Labor Act 1992 and the Labor Rules 1993 are given below in tabular form.

workplace accident 2(Photo Source: Google)

As prescribed by the above, the enterprises in Nepal are legally bound to make the following arrangements for the health and safety of their employees or workers.

Accident, Disease Notice and Investigation - Legal provision

NOTE: The New Labour Act, 2074 (2017 AD): Occupational Health & Safety (OHS) related provisions

 

Load Carrying Legal Provisions relating to OHS 

Fire Safety Legal Provisions relating to OHS 

Machinery, Tools or Equipment Handling Legal Provisions relating to OHS 

Construction Safety Legal Provisions relating to OHS

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