Tag Archives: fall protection

(Part I) (2 of 2) Construction Focus Four: Fall Hazards

How can I protect myself from fall hazards?

1. Use fall protection equipment. On a construction site, there are three generally acceptable methods of protection for workers who are exposed to vertical drops of 6 feet or more.

1.1 Guardrails are considered prevention systems, as they stop you from having a fall in the first place.

1.2 Safety net systems are designed to catch you and break your fall. They must be placed as close as practicable under your working surface, but never more than 30 feet below.

1.3 A personal fall arrest system consists of an anchorage, connectors, and a full-body harness that work together to break your fall.

In general, it is better to use fall prevention systems, such as guardrails, than fall protection systems, such as safety nets/fall arrest devices, because prevention systems provide more positive safety means.

2. Safe ladder use. Ladders are one of the most common pieces of equipment on a construction site. Using ladders more safely is one way to start preventing falls at the work site. There are many ways you can prevent a fall from a ladder. Here are just three suggestions to get you started.

2.1 Choose the right ladder for the job. There are three main types of ladders (step ladders, straight ladders, and extension ladders) used in different situations for different tasks. Before you start using a ladder, ask yourself two questions.

Is the ladder long enough?  It should be long enough for you to set it at a stable angle and still extend at the top to give you something to hold on to.  Make sure the ladder extends 3 feet (3 rungs; 0.9 meters) above the surface you will be working on. Make sure the ladder is placed at a stable angle. For every four feet (1.2 m) high the ladder is, the base should be 1 foot (.3 m) out from the wall.

Is the ladder in good working condition? It shouldn’t be missing pieces or be cracked or otherwise damaged. Check the duty rating on extension ladders. Longer ladders don’t always have higher duty ratings, so be sure to check.

2.2 Tie the top and bottom of the ladder to fixed points when necessary. Securing the ladder in this way prevents the ladder from sliding side-to-side or falling backwards and prevents the base from sliding.

Tying the ladder off at the beginning of the day and untying it at the end will only take about 5 minutes. It can make all the difference for your safety.

2.3 Don’t carry tools or other materials in-hand while climbing the ladder. Instead of carrying tools, boards, or other materials in your hands, use a tool belt, install a rope and pulley system, or tie a rope around your materials and pull them up once you have reached the work surface.  Carrying tools or anything else in your hands as you climb the ladder can throw you off balance. When you climb a ladder, always use at least one hand to grasp the ladder (3-Point Rule) when going up or down.

(Part I) (1 of 2) Construction Focus Four: Fall Hazards

(Part II) (2 of 2) Construction Focus Four: Struck-By Hazards

(Part II) (1 of 2) Construction Focus Four: Struck-By Hazards

(Part III) (1 of 2) Construction Focus Four: Caught–In or –Between Hazards

(Part III) (2 of 2) Construction Focus Four: Caught–In or –Between Hazards

(Part IV) (1 of 2) Construction Focus Four: Electrocution Hazards

(Part IV) (2 of 2) Construction Focus Four: Electrocution Hazards

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Are you too busy…

Fire Prevention and Fire Protection – Air Pollution in Kathmandu – Construction PPE – Carbon Monoxide poisoning – Electrical Safety – Fall Protection in General Industry– Fearsome 4 of Construction Safety – Fall Restrain System Vs. Fall Arrest System – Respiratory Protection – Portable Ladder Safety – Confined Space Entry – Initiating First Aid/CPR

 

 

Fall Protection in General Industry

Falls are among the most common causes of serious work-related injuries and deaths. Employers must take measures in their workplaces to prevent employees from falling off overhead platforms, elevated work stations or into holes in the floor and walls.

Fall Arrest

To prevent employees from being injured from falls, employers must:

  1. Guard every floor hole into which a worker can accidentally walk by use of a railing and toeboard or a floor hole cover.
  2. Provide a guardrail and toeboard around every open-sided platform, floor or runway that is 4 feet or higher off the ground or next level.
  3. Regardless of height, if a worker can fall into or onto dangerous machines or equipment (such as a vat of acid or a conveyor belt), employers must provide guardrails and toeboards to prevent workers from falling and getting injured.
  4. Other means of fall protection that may be required on certain jobs include safety harness and line, safety nets, stair railings and handrails.

Employers should:

  1. Provide working conditions that are free of known dangers.
  2. Keep floors in work areas in a clean and sanitary condition.
  3. Select and provide required personal protective equipment at no cost to workers.
  4. Train workers about job hazards in a language that they can understand. (Ref: OSHA)

Also Read:

Construction Industry: Fatal (Focus-Four) Hazards

Covid-19 Pandemic: Safe Return to Work and Business Continuity

Ensuring Occupational Health And Safety By Managing Risk (123 & 4)

(Part I) (1 of 2) Construction Focus Four: Fall Hazards

(Part I) (2 of 2) Construction Focus Four: Fall Hazards

(Part II) (1 of 2) Construction Focus Four: Struck-By Hazards

(Part II) (2 of 2) Construction Focus Four: Struck-By Hazards

(1 of 4) Ensuring Occupational Health And Safety By Managing Risk

Initiating First Aid/CPR…. – Portable Ladder SafetyElectrical Safety – Fearsome 4 of Construction Safety – Fall Restrain System Vs. Fall Arrest System – Construction PPE

Fall Restrain System Vs. Fall Arrest System

Fall Restraint System: A fall restraint system is recommended when guardrails or personal lift devices cannot be used. When properly used, a fall restraint system prevents the worker from falling off an edge. Lanyards must be of fixed length to prevent the worker from reaching an area where they could fall.

Fall Restraint

Fall Arrest System: When a fall restraint system cannot be installed, a fall arrest system must be used. A fall arrest system does not prevent a fall, but instead it is designed to catch the worker with minimal injury. The components of a fall arrest system are as follows:

Fall Arrest

(A.) Connecting means (e.g., snap hooks)

(B.) Shock-absorbing lanyard, self-retracting lanyards and lifelines

(C.) Full body harness

(D.) Anchor point capable of supporting at least 5,000 lbs. per worker

Also Read:

COVID-19: Disinfecting Your Homes and Offices

Covid-19 Pandemic: Safe Return to Work and Business Continuity

Construction Industry: Fatal (Focus-Four) Hazards

Ensuring Occupational Health & Safety by Managing Risk

A Business Case for Health & Safety….

Fire Prevention and Fire Protection – Air Pollution in Kathmandu – Construction PPE – Carbon Monoxide poisoning – Electrical Safety – Fall Protection in General Industry– Fearsome 4 of Construction Safety – Fall Restrain System Vs. Fall Arrest System – Respiratory Protection – Portable Ladder Safety – Confined Space Entry – Initiating First Aid/CPR – Are you too busy… – If you have $86,400 in your account… – Fire Prevention and Fire Protection – Air Pollution in Kathmandu – Construction PPE – Carbon Monoxide poisoning – Electrical Safety – Fall Protection in General Industry– Fearsome 4 of Construction Safety – Fall Restrain System Vs. Fall Arrest System – Respiratory Protection – Portable Ladder Safety – Confined Space Entry  – Respiratory Protection