Category Archives: Disaster Resilience

Environmental Sustainability—Definitions & Brief Insight

One of the core challenges of 21st century business leaders is to build an innovative and profitable business model while retaining sustainability as its driving strategy.

Motivation & Environment

Generally speaking, “sustainability” can be defined as the characteristic or attribute of being sustainable. Sustainability can also be defined as the ability of an object, thing, or individual to be sustained or maintained without becoming degraded, deteriorated, or weak.

The term “environmental sustainability” can be defined as long-term sustenance or maintenance of the environment by interacting with and treating it in ways that can conserve, protect, or avoid depletion/degradation of its components which include all the renewable and non-renewable natural resources and ecosystems that support the wellbeing of all life-forms, now and in the future.

Human, animal, and environmental wellbeing are closely linked with how well the environment and its constituents are treated, and how well the environment is maintained or sustained in a healthy state. One of the aims of practicing environmental sustainability is to ensure that today’s world and its population are utilizing resources to a great extent…

View original post 310 more words

How “Personal Responsibility” Part Plays Pivotal Role in Preventing Rapid Climate change

Human activities over the past couple of centuries are responsible for causing excessive Greenhouse Gas (GHG) emissions, thereby influencing climate system of the planet.

Some people think GHG emissions can be tackled by simply focusing on coal plants, automobiles, air conditioning, airplanes and cow burps. Therefore, they mostly tend to limit themselves within simplistic solutions, such as arrays of solar panels, large wind farms, hydropower, electric cars, organic farming, sustainability blah-blah, and not to forget your “personal responsibility”.

One of the popular narratives of our time is that every individual of this planet is responsible for the accelerating climate change and thus everyone needs to act responsibly. So, people started doing their bits by using electric stoves, riding electric cars, switching off lights, avoiding meat, eating organic, saving water, stopping to use plastic-bags, recycling, bicycling, etc.     

The narrative is so effective (also true to some extent) that people even feel bad when they are unable to carry out their so-called “personal responsibility” to reduce GHG emissions. This sentiment presents business opportunity for companies which take advantage of your guilt and make profit by selling you yet another product which is labeled “green” and leaves less “carbon footprint”, so they say.

In the meantime, what we don’t realize is that the “responsibility” was cunningly shifted from giant oil industries and carbon emitters to an ordinary layman. The emotional buy-in strategy is effective for businesses and corporates, but switching “responsibility” to a common person is not likely to solve the actual problem on hand.

CO2 emissions could be cut down drastically if rich population favored climate over wealth and comfort. In fact, both rich and poor came quite close to doing the same in the year 2020. We all voluntarily became part of a global experiment in which we behaved responsibly by staying home, travelling less, entertaining less and shopping less. However, we were able to reduce CO2 emission by only 7% throughout the year 2020.            

Nearly 20 years ago when British Petroleum (BP) rebranded itself as “Beyond Petroleum”, it cleverly popularized the term “carbon footprint”. The propaganda was a plain distraction as well as a clever deception in the sense that it indirectly held people personally responsible for environmental pollutions.

The narrative subtly indicates that the pollution is your problem (so, you choose your actions to solve it) and not the problem of the oil and gas giants, such as BP; the notion is far from reality.         

If we look at the massive scale of the problem, asking average people to solve rapid climate change may get us nowhere. Owning the problem and taking personal responsibility to reduce your carbon footprint is great; Bravo! Nonetheless, let’s face it; these efforts can only take us so far. They can easily be overshadowed by systemic reality of corporate greed and ever-growing global GHG emissions as well as the lack of political will and consensus over how to quickly stop them.

We spent over three decades in pep talks and we know that it didn’t work. Had it worked, the GHG emissions would have significantly decreased by now. Moving forward, we will face more and more extreme environmental and ecological challenges which will be unavoidable as well as irreversible to a large extent.

Of course we need to be hopeful, but one thing we desperately need more than hope is real action on the ground. I have to agree with Greta Thunberg when she says “Hope is not passive. Hope is not blah, blah, blah. Hope is telling the truth. Hope is taking action. And hope always comes from the people.” We must actively correct our past mistakes by immediately coming up with strict measures to reduce GHG emissions in all fronts.

Politicians, global leaders, and governments must coordinate and collaborate before it is too late. But, it is very unlikely as long as their thinking is limited by national interests and geographical separations. It is even worse when their motivations are influenced by ideals, personal gain, corruption and sheer indulgence of big tax payers, mighty corporates, campaign contributors, etc.

Nevertheless, people can make politicians think, understand and feel differently by making them realize that the voters really care and that their career or political success depends on honestly tackling GHG emissions; starting with energy, transportation, agriculture, food, forestry and waste management sectors. Every world citizen must feel personally responsible to make their politicians accountable at local, regional and global levels.

We already have technologies to capture industrial CO2 emission before it gets released into the atmosphere. CO2 thus captured can be permanently stored underground or used in the production of fuels, chemicals, building materials, etc.

Implementing such technology to reduce CO2 in the atmosphere would cost factories and power plants trillions of dollars per year. This would inevitably skyrocket their product cost or even increase the possibility of their bankruptcy, impacting billons of people around the world.

As a result, it will be expensive for power plants, factories and industries to suddenly implement carbon capture technologies. Therefore, the global need for reduced carbon emissions has to be compensated (even after generous government subsidies) by increased prices of their products having minimum carbon footprint. In the short term, prices of specific products and services will increase for sure, but the important question to ask ourselves is, are we prepared for such price hikes?

In addition to holding politicians accountable, this is one place where “personal responsibility” part can add sustainable value to bring about systemic change we all strive for.

Not everybody can afford to buy low-carbon products, but if you are well-off enough, you can contribute to the systemic change by purchasing or investing on such relatively expensive goods and services today and help grow demands for tomorrow. This will help drive down prices hence more and more affordable for larger populations.

Another meaningful way to add significant value to the cause is to just talk, spread awareness and speak about the impending climate crisis on as many platforms as possible. In the meantime, you can also keep recycling your waste, taking shorter showers, riding bicycles to work, eating less meat, planting trees, avoiding air travels, building bamboo houses, buying electric cars, and indulging less in consumerism, etc.

Although you can share love, joy and sadness with each other, unfortunately, in this case, you cannot share your personal responsibility, nor can you digitize it.

So, we have to do what humans are best at; i.e. cooperate and participate as responsible individuals of respective communities to achieve the common goal. Both people and politicians must work together towards climate change mitigation and adaptation activities committed by their NDCs.        

Your behavior and actions should reflect in your day-to-day priorities, not because you feel guilty to have ruined the planet or you naively think that you alone can fix it, but because you are an integral part of the systemic change you so desperately seek. Remember that if you are not part of the solution, you must be part of the problem.

Climate Change Confronted with Wealth Inequality around the World

As a resident of planet Earth it feels wonderful to acknowledge the fact that never before in our known history have we been technologically more advanced, powerful and, for the most part, able to lead more comfortable lives, so to speak. However, it seems that the advanced, powerful and comfortable lives that we acquired over the last two hundred years came with a huge cost.

Too much CO2 in the atmosphere leads to increased global warming and irreversible climate change. This intensifies specific weather conditions and climate events, such as extreme heat waves, heavy rainfalls, floods, landslides, wildfires, warmer winters and severe summers. Earth’s dry regions become drier and wet places even wetter.

Over the time climate-related disasters will become a common phenomenon. Soon entire biosphere will be impacted and ecosystems will start dying. Biodiversity will decline significantly while the rising sea levels will start swallowing coastal cities around the globe. Although the explanation sounds simple on the surface, the complications created by the rapid climate change are certainly not that simple, to say the least.

Climate change is, without doubt, the most serious and challenging issue of our time; a crisis hovering over our heads, right now. Like the COVID-19, it knows no boundaries and respects no nationality. It is, in fact, threatening our entire existence (both rich and poor) in this planet we call home.

We are forced to sincerely question whether we are on the right track, or we shall have to make extensive corrections in our life-style. The reason being that, if we look closely, everything we do to make our lives easier is causing destruction to our environment; whether it be the clothing we put on, air-conditioned houses we live in, the way we travel, the foods we consume, the roads we drive on or the electronic gadgets we use, etc. Somehow or other, they all have impacted air, water, soil, wild life, marine life and the environment as a whole.

In the battle against rapid climate change, fixing one part of the system leads to yet another problem which might have its own offshoots of problems and so on. Situations get even more complicated when we are confronted with the reality of wealth inequality around the world.  

We live in a world which is deeply divided between rich and poor. This is no hidden fact that there is a clear and positive correlation between the prosperity of nations and their carbon emissions.

So, what if we simply ask the rich countries to cut back on their energy consumption and luxurious lifestyles? This may sound rational to some but not a workable solution for obvious reasons; you cannot expect billions of people giving up their business as usual overnight.

Moreover, over 60 percent of global emissions come from low and middle income countries. This includes countries like ours where most people are struggling to earn basic necessities, trying to escape poverty or striving for a reasonably comfortable lifestyle.

So, it will be unfair to ask developing economies to cut emissions to stop rapid climate change; especially when the rich countries making such demands have already caused (and are still causing) severe damages in the first place.

Both rich and poor depend on agricultural products. Methane from rice contributes same as all the air traffic emissions in the world, and could grow substantially in coming days. Overall, agriculture contributes nearly 30% of global GHG emissions and nearly 60% of food emissions come from animal-based foods, such as meat, cheese and eggs.

As per UN projections our global population will reach 10 billion by 2050. It is highly unlikely that we could feed them without emitting even more GHGs.

The demand for animal-based food is growing in both rich and poor countries around the world. About 40% of world agricultural land (equivalent to North and South America combined) is being used for meat production, one way or another. Although many argue it to be the worst source of GHG emissions, cutting back on meat consumption can easily make both rich and poor unhappy.

This puts us in a unique situation where eating less meat alone won’t stop climate change, but climate change cannot be stopped by continuing meat production at the same pace. The same holds true for many other consumer products we may consider essential to run our day-to-day life.

Some critiques end up blaming capitalism and ever-increasing demand for economic growth for the climate change crisis. They suggest economic “degrowth” to be the solution. The proponents push for ecologically sustainable society with socio-environmental wellbeing as the indicator of prosperity. All that sounds good, but it seems a bit far-fetched argument, if not unrealistic.

It all comes down to this: we cannot stop rapid climate change without changing our life-style. If we are really serious about this change, both rich and poor will have to chip in. Rich may need to sacrifice some of their luxuries while poor will have to give up some of their ambitious dreams, unless we come up with some technological interventions rather sooner than later.

I have very little doubt that climate change, in the next couple of decades, will dramatically transform our modern way of living on this planet as we know it. Even after taking drastic preventive measures now, it is highly likely that we will be living in a completely different world within the next couple of decades.

My only hope is that the residents of this new world will have a brand new way of looking at life; a new thinking, a new politics, a new socioeconomics and a renewed relationship with both technology and nature. Although it will feel like living in a different planet then, I seriously hope and pray it will be relatively healthier and safer to live in.