Fire Prevention and Fire Protection

Fire Alarm

One of the most important objectives of a business owner or an employer is to keep workers, customers, visitors and the facility as well as the surrounding community safe from fire hazards and their catastrophic impacts. Although all fire hazards are not predictable and hundred percent fire protection is near impossible, most of the industrial fires are preventable. Fire prevention and fire protection are proactive approaches to fire safety. In fact, they both go hand in hand and play important role in developing a good fire safety plan.

Types-of-extinguisher

Fire Prevention

Essentially, prevention seeks actions of stopping something harmful from arising or happening. Since it is a proactive process, the fire prevention activities start even before a fire ignites. It ensures that a fire does not occur in the first place.

A robust fire prevention plan may include many tasks including facility inspection to identify fire vulnerable conditions such as, haphazard housekeeping, overloaded electric outlets, poor maintenance, improperly stored inventory, smoking indoors, etc. After identifying the hazards or vulnerabilities and subsequent risk assessment, it is employers’ responsibility to take necessary steps to eliminate such hazards or to mitigate the risk of fire.

Your organizational safety policy in regards with strictly following Standard Operating Procedures (SOPs) and Method Statements, regularly cleaning wood-burning fireplaces, separating combustible material & fire sources and employing qualified electrician to do electrical maintenance works can also help ward off any fire related incident. Besides, training your employees, disseminating fire-hazard education and posting adequate signage or notice could greatly help reduce human errors and probability of catching a fire.

Pass-fire-extinguisher

Fire Protection

Fire protection measure ensures that your property is armed with enough equipment to take on a fire in a timely and effective manner. Fire protection is a combination of different fire safety equipment and procedures. It often includes equipment like fire alarms, extinguishers, and sprinkler systems. When combined together smartly, these systems could provide your facility with a good fire protection.

The foremost priority of fire protection is to make sure the occupants of your building are safe. That’s why fire alarms and smoke detectors are the foundation of any fire protection system. These devices detect heat and smoke, sounding the alarm so everyone in the facility can evacuate to safety. The next priority is to stop the spread of fire to limit damage to your property. Fire Extinguishers, Automatic Sprinklers, and Automatic Fire Suppression Systems, etc. are some of the most common fire protection equipment. Using fire resistant building materials could also help minimize the spread of a blaze if/when a fire breaks out.

Fire extinguisher_1

Mere installing fire extinguisher, smoke detector and fire sprinklers may not be enough. Care must be taken to train your employees on fire response procedure and periodically check and maintain equipment readiness to ensure their proper functionality when you need them most. Taking these steps ensures that the building is set up to fight a fire if a blaze breaks out.

Also Read:

(22 August 2018) When A Fire Broke Out at the 12th Floor of a 16 Story Residential Building in Mumbai

Construction Industry: Fatal (Focus-Four) Hazards

Covid-19 Pandemic: Safe Return to Work and Business Continuity

Ensuring Occupational Health & Safety by Managing Risk

(Part I) (1 of 2) Construction Focus Four: Fall Hazards

(Part I) (2 of 2) Construction Focus Four: Fall Hazards

(Part II) (1 of 2) Construction Focus Four: Struck-By Hazards

(Part II) (2 of 2) Construction Focus Four: Struck-By Hazards

(1 of 4) Ensuring Occupational Health And Safety By Managing Risk

Initiating First Aid/CPR…. – Electrical SafetyConstruction PPEFall Protection in General IndustryFearsome 4 of Construction Safety – Fall Restrain System Vs. Fall Arrest System – Respiratory Protection – Portable Ladder Safety – Confined Space Entry

 

Confined Space Entry

In General Industry, A Confined Space:

  • Has limited openings for entry or exit,
  • Is large enough for entering and working,
  • Is not designed for continuous worker occupancy.
  • Include underground vaults, tanks, storage bins, manholes, pits, silos, underground utility vaults and pipelines.

Working in a confined space

Permit-required Confined Spaces are confined spaces that:

  • May contain a hazardous or potentially hazardous atmosphere
  • May contain a material which can engulf an entrant.
  • May trap or asphyxiate an entrant.
  • May contain other serious physical hazards such as unguarded machines or exposed live wires.
  • Must be identified by the employer who must inform exposed employees of the existence and location of such spaces and their hazards.

What are the safety measures you can implement?

  • Do not enter permit-required confined spaces without being trained and without having a permit to enter.
  • Review, understand and follow employer’s procedures before entering permit-required confined spaces and know how and when to exit.
  • Before entry, identify any physical hazards and assess the risks.
  • Before and during entry, test and monitor for oxygen content, flammability, toxicity or explosive hazards as necessary.
  • Use employer’s fall protection, rescue, air-monitoring, ventilation, lighting and communication equipment according to entry procedures.
  • Maintain contact at all times with a trained attendant either visually, via phone, or by two-way radio. This monitoring system enables the attendant and entry supervisor to order you to evacuate and to alert appropriately trained rescue personnel to rescue entrants when needed.

Remember, You have a right to a safe workplace.

Also Read:

Construction Industry: Fatal (Focus-Four) Hazards

Covid-19 Pandemic: Safe Return to Work and Business Continuity

Ensuring Occupational Health And Safety By Managing Risk (123 & 4)

(Part I) (1 of 2) Construction Focus Four: Fall Hazards

(Part I) (2 of 2) Construction Focus Four: Fall Hazards

(Part II) (1 of 2) Construction Focus Four: Struck-By Hazards

(Part II) (2 of 2) Construction Focus Four: Struck-By Hazards

(1 of 4) Ensuring Occupational Health And Safety By Managing Risk

Initiating First Aid/CPR…. – Electrical SafetyConstruction PPEFall Protection in General IndustryFearsome 4 of Construction Safety – Fall Restrain System Vs. Fall Arrest System – Respiratory Protection – Portable Ladder Safety

 

Respiratory Protection

Respiratory protection must be worn whenever you are working in a hazardous atmosphere. The appropriate respirator will depend on the contaminant(s) to which you are exposed and the protection factor (PF) required.

Single-strap dust masks are usually not NIOSH (National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health, USA) -approved. They must not be used to protect from hazardous atmospheres. However, they may be useful in providing comfort from pollen or other allergens.

disposable-face-mask

Approved filtering facepieces (dust masks) can be used for dust, mists, welding fumes, etc. They do not provide protection from gases or vapors. DO NOT USE FOR ASBESTOS OR LEAD; instead, select from the respirators below.

3M N95 dust mask

Half-face respirators can be used for protection against most vapors, acid gases, dust or welding fumes. Cartridges/filters must match contaminant(s) and be changed periodically.

Half facepiece

Full-face respirators are more protective than half-face respirators. They can also be used for protection against most vapors, acid gases, dust or welding fumes. The face-shield protects face and eyes from irritants and contaminants. Cartridges/filters must match contaminant(s) and be changed periodically.

Full facepiece

Loose-fitting powered-air-purifying respirators (PAPR) offer breathing comfort from a battery-powered fan which pulls air through filters and circulates air throughout helmet / hood. They can be worn by most workers who have beards. Cartridges/filters must match contaminant(s) and be changed periodically.

powered-air-purifying respirators (PAPR)

A Self-Contained Breathing Apparatus (SCBA) is used for entry and escape from atmospheres that are considered Immediately Dangerous to Life and Health (IDLH) or oxygen deficient. They use their own air tank.

Self-Contained Breathing Apparatus (SCBA)

Also Read:

COVID-19 Outbreak: Surgical Face Masks

COVID-19 Outbreak: Cloth Face Coverings

Construction Industry: Fatal (Focus-Four) Hazards

Covid-19 Pandemic: Safe Return to Work and Business Continuity

Ensuring Occupational Health & Safety by Managing Risk

(Part I) (1 of 2) Construction Focus Four: Fall Hazards

(Part I) (2 of 2) Construction Focus Four: Fall Hazards

(Part II) (1 of 2) Construction Focus Four: Struck-By Hazards

(Part II) (2 of 2) Construction Focus Four: Struck-By Hazards

(1 of 4) Ensuring Occupational Health And Safety By Managing Risk

Fire Prevention and Fire Protection – Air Pollution in Kathmandu – Construction PPE – Carbon Monoxide poisoning – Electrical Safety – Fall Protection in General Industry– Fearsome 4 of Construction Safety – Fall Restrain System Vs. Fall Arrest System – Respiratory Protection – Portable Ladder Safety – Confined Space Entry  – Respiratory Protection – Initiating First Aid/CPR….